White and silver sprinkler heads White and silver sprinkler heads White and silver sprinkler heads


How it all began
The development of the sprinkler system

The first attempts to fight fires in the early stages were already made in the last century in the American textile industry. At that time, water-carrying pipes had already been arranged above the looms, with openings at intervals.

These openings were closed with lids and fixed by a weight connected to a cotton thread. When a fire broke out, the cotton thread burned through and the weight gave way, releasing the opening for water to escape.

The basic principle
of the sprinkler system

  • Extinguishing nozzles are integrated into a ceiling pipe network.

  • The sprinkler system is on permanent standby via an independent water supply.

  • The individually operating extinguishing nozzles of the system are closed by a glass barrel.

  • In the event of a fire, the glass barrel reacts to the heat generated by the fire and bursts.

  • Via the opened extinguishing nozzle, the water can only escape for a certain number of sprinklers at the fire site and is sprayed in a targeted manner.

  • The cooling effect of the water, the extraction of large amounts of heat and the conversion into steam ensures the selective extinguishing success.

What are the advantages of sprinkler systems

  • Fires are detected, localized, reported and fought by the sprinkler systems already during their formation phase.
  • Sprinklers minimize damage to property and the environment and protect lives through the system of firefighting during the initial phase of the fire.
  • Targeted fire fighting and fire detection in one system.
  • Sprinklers extinguish in a targeted manner - only those sprinklers are triggered that are actually located directly at the source of the fire and need to be extinguished.
  • Sprinklers outside the source of the fire remain closed.


Depending on the application, there is a suitable system from ABBS - our specialists will advise you right from the start and provide support during planning.


Wet systems are the most commonly used sprinkler systems in the world. Here, the entire pipe network is under constant water pressure. In case of fire, the sprinkler is activated and the extinguishing agent "water" is immediately provided in sufficient quantity via the wet alarm valve. At the same time, the wet alarm valve alerts the responsible emergency services. This system may only be used in locations where there is no risk of frost or overheating (+95 degrees) for the extinguishing water in the pipe deck network throughout the year.


Dry systems differ from the aforementioned wet system in that the piping system is not filled with water, but with compressed air. The water is filled only up to the dry alarm valve. In case of fire, the sprinkler opens and the compressed air escapes first - then the dry alarm valve releases the extinguishing water to the sprinklers. This system allows the use in frost-prone objects such as parking garages and unheated warehouses.


Pre-controlled dry systems are used in critical zones where an unintentional discharge of extinguishing water is to be avoided in any case. Therefore, two independent extinguishing release mechanisms are linked in such a way that the extinguishing process only starts when both release systems are activated simultaneously.


Sprinkler systems prevent a fire source from spreading into a large fire - this system protects LIVES, the ENVIRONMENT and PROPERTY:

  • Industrial plants
  • Logistics centers
  • Production halls
  • High bay warehouse
  • Warehouses
  • Underground garages
  • Office buildings
  • High-rise buildings
  • Hospitals and nursing homes
  • Exhibition halls
  • Shopping centers
  • Wood processing plant
  • At the airport

Fire risks differ situationally, also from industry to industry. The special requirements for the fire protection concept are recorded by our experts and transferred into your customized fire protection.

Tested and confirmed standards for your safety!